Traumatic Brain Injury Caused By Negligence
Traumatic brain injuries can have devastating consequences. They’re surprisingly common in the United States, and sometimes they occur in an accident or due to someone’s negligence.
Fortunately, the law serves to protect those who suffer from a traumatic brain injury due to another person’s negligence. Victims of traumatic brain injuries are often left with expensive medical bills and a negative change in their quality of life.
Types of Traumatic Brain Injury
Although the specifics of a traumatic brain injury vary case by case, there are some types of injury that are more common. Many of these injuries cause permanent complications or changes. The kind of injury is often determined by how the injury was sustained. Some examples include:
- Concussion –Concussions are a mild traumatic brain injury. A person may or may not lose consciousness. They may become confused or disoriented, and a concussion may cause chronic pain, balance problems, or personality changes.
- Contusion –A contusion is a bruise on the brain. It may cause swelling and require surgery.
- Coup-Contrecoup –A coup-contrecoup brain injury is caused by severe impact. The force of impact caused the brain to hit and damage both sides of the skull. This injury can cause memory impairment, loss of coordination, loss of sensation, and breathing or swallowing difficulty.
- Diffuse Axonal –Diffuse axonal injuries are often caused by powerful head movements or severe shaking. The brain connections can become damaged with this kind of injury.
- Penetration –Penetration injuries involve an object entering the skull cavity. This injury is often fatal and may damage the brain tissue. Penetrative traumatic brain injuries may require surgery.
Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury
A traumatic brain injury can be sustained anywhere. It can be caused by even a mild fall, and not all cases of traumatic brain injury involve negligence. Some common causes of traumatic brain injury that lead to legal action include:
- Blunt Force Trauma –The impact of the brain hitting the skull is often the cause of a traumatic brain injury. Vehicle accidents often cause blunt force brain injuries.
- Workplace Accidents –Traumatic brain injuries often happen at work. When dealing with heavy objects or great heights, the skull can be penetrated, crushed, or otherwise injured.
- Assault –Violence can lead to a traumatic brain injury. Knives and bullets can both penetrate the skull and cause severe damage. Blunt trauma, like that associated with unarmed violence, can also cause a traumatic brain injury.
- Medical Errors –Medical errors can happen at birth, during surgery, or even during treatment.
Complications of Traumatic Brain Injuries
If you sustain a head injury, you should receive immediate medical treatment. A traumatic brain injury may begin with mild symptoms that worsen over time, and it may take months or longer for the extent of your injuries to be revealed. There’s a wide range of possible complications from a traumatic brain injury. Some common complications include:
- Death –Many brain injuries lead to death. This may not happen immediately and detecting early symptoms may increase chances of survival.
- Paralysis –Traumatic brain injury can cause pain, numbness, and fatigue in mild cases. More severe cases can cause paralysis.
- Coma –Even a mild traumatic brain injury can result in unconsciousness. Some traumatic brain injuries lead to comas, which may come on suddenly.
- Cognitive Problems –Traumatic brain injuries often cause confusion, coordination loss, memory loss, double vision or vision loss, and poor judgment.
- Emotional Problems –Emotion regulation is affected in many cases of traumatic brain injury. There may also be permanent personality changes and a loss of social skills.
- Seizures –Traumatic brain injuries may lead to seizures in some cases.
A traumatic brain injury can change your life drastically. Many traumatic brain injuries lead to large medical bills and other new burdens. The law recognizes the impact a traumatic brain injury can have on your life, and these things are taken into consideration with damages are awarded. The following are often awarded as damages in traumatic brain injury personal injury cases:
- Medical Expenses –Traumatic brain injuries are often associated with hospital stays, diagnostic services, costs of medication, surgery, nursing care, and medical devices like wheelchairs.
- Loss of Wages and Earning Potential –Many victims of traumatic brain injury are forced to miss work. A traumatic brain injury can also lead to disability or a new inability to work.
- Out-of-Pocket Expenses –Damages are often awarded for the costs of transportation and fuel to medical visits.
Contact an Attorney
If someone else’s negligence caused your traumatic brain injury, you shouldn’t have to pay for their mistake. Protect your rights by consulting our experienced attorneys at The Law Offices of Thomas E. Porzio, LLC. Call this number: (203) 573- 0019 for a free legal consultation.